IPF Crossmark policy page

Crossmark is a multi-publisher initiative from Crossref to provide a standard way for readers to locate the current version of a piece of content. By applying the Crossmark logo, the Institute of Public Finance is committing to maintaining the content it publishes and to alerting readers to changes if and when they occur.
Clicking on the CrossMark logo will tell you the current status of a document and may also give you additional publication record information about the document.

Policy on updates of the published papers
The Institute of Public Finance makes all efforts to ensure the credibility and validity of the publications issued in the Public Sector Economics journal. In line with this, whenever faulty information or errors undermining academic principles are detected in a published paper, appropriate updates will be promptly made by the publisher. The list of possible updates ranges from small corrections of the text to the complete withdrawal of the publication, depending on the identified problem.

Erratum is issued to correct any mistake made by the publisher that significantly affects the integrity of the publication, accuracy of the presented findings or reputation of the author(s) and the journal. Typical situations in which an erratum will be issued are crucial typographical errors made during the publication process, alteration of values in tables and figures in editing, accidental omission of text, incorrect details about the authors (e.g. wrong affiliation or e-mail, misspelling of names), and failure to enter proof corrections submitted. However, minor faults that do not significantly affect the content and comprehension of the publication (such as grammar errors or spelling mistakes) are not sufficient reason for issuing an erratum.

Addendum is issued when a minor modification of the publication is required owing to an error made by the author(s). This type of update will be done if the author(s) has/have inadvertently omitted essential information or made a minor mistake, but this oversight does not significantly undermine the scientific accuracy of the publication. However, the editors preserve the right to consult peer-reviewers before making such a change. Issuing an addendum will be considered only if the proposed change is trivial, yet important for understanding the research findings. If substantial revisions of the paper are needed or if there is evidence that the change was requested to conceal earlier unfair means employed by the author(s), one of the following options applies.

Corrigendum is issued when the published paper contains a significant error made by the author(s), which compromises the validity, accuracy and reproducibility of the conducted research. This type of update is done in situations when important changes in the publication are required, but the findings and implications of the research do not change. Besides clarifying the modifications made in the publication, the publisher will also give information on who requested the change (the author(s), publisher or a third party). The author(s) will be asked to give their consent for this change, but in the event of a refusal the final decision will be on the editors. This particular type of correction requires peer-review.

Retraction of the publication is done when clear evidence exists that the results and implications of the paper cannot be relied upon. This action will typically take place whenever the publication is seriously flawed, regardless of whether the problem has arisen from an inadvertent mistake by the author(s) (e.g. defective data, miscalculation, faulty logic, misinterpretation of results, experimental error, etc.) or whether it was a result of misbehaviour (such as falsification or fabrication of data, duplicate publications, plagiarism and unethical research). Retraction will be also done when new research evidence clearly undermines the validity and reliability of the findings and conclusions in a given publication. However, retractions will not be considered when a change of authorship is required, provided that there is no reason to doubt the scientific accuracy of the paper. Instead, such changes will be made as corrections (erratum, addendum or corrigendum) based on other identified circumstances.

An article can be retracted following the request of the author(s), third party or directly at the initiative of the editors. Although a decision about retraction will be made in consultation with the author(s) and reviewers of the article, the publication can be retracted even if some of the stakeholders disagree with this decision. Since the main responsibility for the journal’s contents is on the editors, they will always make the final decision in this respect.
Retracted publications will be retained in the electronic archive to preserve the integrity of record, but their retracted status will be clearly designated. A retraction notice will enumerate the reasons for this action, as well as the information on who requested the retraction.  

In the most extreme cases, a publication can be completely removed from the online repository. This will happen if there is clear evidence that the paper violates someone’s legal rights or endangers their safety, as well as when it contains offensive information or when significant harm can be caused if the recommendations of the paper are applied. The publication will also be removed from the repository if it is a subject of a court order or if there is a valid reason to expect such an outcome. In the event of complete removal, only the title and the name of the author(s) will be preserved, while both PDF and HTML versions of the publication will be replaced with a notice of the removal and the exact reasons for this action.

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